These are the current trends in civil engineering. This means people who have done civil engineering specialize in one or more of the following:
- Building Information Modeling (BIM): According to Autodesk, an American multinational software corporation best known for popular BIM software platforms such as Revit and AutoCAD, BIM is an intelligent 3D model-based process that gives architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) professionals the insight and tools to more efficiently plan, design, construct and manage buildings and infrastructure. This technology can reduce the impact of the infrastructure on the environment and thus, civil engineers can implement designs with better sustainability in the structures.
- Permanent Modular Construction (PMC): It is a construction method that refers to structures where the components, sub-assemblies or entire building are built away from the building site, and then delivering them to the intended site. PMC reduces construction time, which reduces energy resource usage and minimizes waste.
- Green Building: Also known as sustainable construction, green building is “a building that, in its design, construction or operation, reduces or eliminates negative impacts, and can create positive impacts, on our climate and natural environment”, according to World Green Building Council. In the age of global warming and the resulting climate change problems, green construction is an important part of civil engineering.
Top Leaders in the Field
- Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya: Sir MV, as he was also called, was the 19th Diwan of Mysore, serving from 1912 to 1919. He was the chief engineer responsible for the construction of the Krishna Raja Sagara dam in Karnataka, and the chief engineer of the flood protection system for the city of Hyderabad. The Engineering Community in India celebrates Engineer’s Day on 15 September—Sir MV’s birth anniversary.
- Elattuvalapil Sreedharan: Popularly known as the “Metro Man”, Elattuvalapil Sreedharan is credited with changing the face of public transport in India with his leadership in building the Konkan Railway and the Delhi Metro.
- Kanwar Sen: Considered a doyen of irrigation engineering of his time, Sen was the chief engineer responsible for the Rajasthan Canal and Ganga Canal projects. He has also been associated with the preparation of a master plan for the development of the Narmada River.
- Chewang Norphel: Known by the nickname “Ice Man of India”, this Indian civil engineer built more than 15 artificial glaciers in Ladakh, in order to efficiently use the water gathered from melting ice in the Himalayas.
- Rachpal Singh Gill: Gill was an Indian civil engineer who worked on three major hydro-electric projects in Punjab: Bhakra Dam, Beas Dam, and Ranjit Sagar Dam. He was also the Chairman of the Board of Consultants and Construction, Planning and Equipment Committee for Ranjit Sagar Dam.
Some Firms Hire Civil Engineers
There are several construction and real estate companies, as well as other within India who are always on the lookout for civil engineering graduates. Some of them are:
- Hindustan Construction Company
- L & T (Larsen and Toubro)
- DLF (Delhi Land and Finance)
- Tata Projects
- Gammon India
- Sobha Developers Ltd
- Shapoorji Pallonji & Co.
- NCC (Nagarjuna Construction Co.)
- Punj Lloyd
- Aga Khan Planning and Building Services
- Ayas Shilpa
- Skyline Builders
- Sadbhav Engineering
- Bridge and Roof Company
- MARG Limited
- Gannon Dunkerley & Co.
- Metro Tunneling Group