Engineering Physics is a growing field that focuses on scientific methods as it searches for methods to apply, design and develop new products and solutions in engineering. It combines physics, mathematics and engineering—computer, nuclear, electrical, electronic, materials and mechanical engineering—as it creates and optimises solutions in these separate fields of engineering.
It also significantly uses an improved understanding and synergistic application statistics and engineering, and its cross-functionality helps bridge the gap between practical engineering and theoretical science. Engineering physics emphasises on the importance of research and development, design and analysis.
It is a novel approach to the sciences—it prepares candidates to tackle the engineering challenges of the 21st century by application of the concepts in physics. A degree in this field is ideal for those looking to pursue an advanced degree in engineering or those seeking employment in the private sector or in prestigious national and international laboratories that are forerunners of technology.
Some of the emerging applications of Engineering Physics include:
- Quantum Engineering: The growth of applied quantum mechanics will allow engineering physics majors to work on assignments such as chip fabrication, cryptography, nanotechnology and quantum computers.
- Nuclear Fusion: Nuclear fusion as a viable source of energy at a commercial level is expected to happen in the coming decade. This will only be possible if engineering physics students are able to work on technology and equipment to reduce the high costs of reactors as well as control the fusion mechanism.
In India, engineering physics is taught at Bachelor’s level in several Indian institutions like IIT Bombay, NIT Calicut and IIT Roorkee. Engineering Physics is the ideal option for those candidates who have an interest in newly developing areas in physics and have an aptitude in Mathematics and Engineering, as well as to combine all three in applications.
A research-oriented mindset is necessary to find success in a career as an Engineering Physicist. Good problem solving abilities and someone who follows ethical decision-making would do well in this field.
Master’s programmes and job-oriented training is offered in different branches such as
- Medical Physics
- Thermal Physics and Thermodynamics
- Space Physics
- Plasma Physics
- Quantum Mechanics
- Statistical Mechanics
- Solid State Physics
Any engineering physics student can go on to become a scientist and experimental physicist, or an Academician. They can also choose to go into engineering research and development or become a scientific entrepreneur.
Engineering Physics Majors have ample opportunities to work in fields such as biomedical instrumentation, consumer electronics, control and instrumentation systems, digital signal processing, electrical energy production and transmission, fibre optics and laser design, integrated circuits, internet and computer technologies, telecommunications, administration and management, applied research and development, educational institutions, government research and regulation, healthcare sector – medical device development.
Some Firms That Hire Engineering Physics Majors
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) | Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) | National Physical Laboratory | IIT | Microsoft | Oracle | CISCO | DRDO