Founded in 1998, by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware. It ranks among the Big Four technology companies, alongside Amazon, Apple and Facebook.
In August 2015, Google announced plans to reorganize its various interests as a conglomerate called Alphabet Inc. Google is now Alphabet’s leading subsidiary and will continue to be the umbrella company for Alphabet’s Internet interests. When Larry Page went on to become the CEO of Alphabet, Sundar Pichai was appointed CEO of Google.
Today, Google has data centers located across North and South America, Asia and Europe. However, there is no official data on how many servers there are in Google data centers. However, a report on Data Center Knowledge says that Google had 2.5 million servers in March 2017.
Traditionally, Google relied on parallel computing on commodity hardware but in 2005, started developing own designs, which were revealed in 2009. In the late 2010s, Google began to build its own private submarine communications cables. The first, named Curie, connects California with Chile and is to be completed in 2019. The second fully Google-owned undersea cable, named Dunant, connects the United States with France and is planned to begin operation in 2020. In February 2010, Google announced the Google Fiber project, with experimental plans to build an ultra-high-speed broadband network for 50,000 to 500,000 customers in one or more American cities. Following Google’s corporate restructure to make Alphabet Inc. its parent company, Google Fiber was moved to Alphabet’s Access division.
Google today offers web-based consumer services, software such as Android mobile operating system, and enterprise services for organizations and businesses on subscription model.