Engineering is not only a career but more as an area of expertise that often opens gates towards a wide range of jobs. Engineers probably have a wider choice of the environment in which they work, and the type of job, than any other profession. With the constant evolution, they are not just confined to traditional sectors like mechanical, electrical or chemical, but have advanced to endeavour the journey of computer science, telecommunication, thermal, polymer and many more and often the knowledge in one branch can be applied to many fields. Both B.E / B. Tech degree not only assure esteemed reputation but also a mighty pay package within few years of work experience. Apart from this, one also gets a challenging environment and option to choose from a bevy of sectors. But in the recent past it is noticed that too many engineers have bagged the opportunity to join government sector organisation leaving away lucrative offers from multinational companies because of the job stability and security accessible through government service.
Securing a government job was always a dream for an Indian, but getting into government sector was not as easy as a pie. The competitions were extremely high and conversion rates were limited, and with other obvious reasons like less salary and staying limited to a particular geographical area made engineers to move towards private sectors in the past. But lately there has been a change in the trend of employability percentage and engineers from prestigious institutes has come forward to join services in government sector. Government jobs comes with several benefits like flexibility to plan, limited working hours, flexibility to stay in a particular geographical location, job stability etc. To secure such a position one must have command on Mathematics, Reasoning, English, Computer Knowledge and General Knowledge. Apart from this bookish knowledge, one must also have the determination and attitude to fulfil the goal. There are multifarious opportunities for engineers to get jobs in Government departments if they just keep an eye on the various recruitment notifications issued by the government agencies. Government Sectors require engineers in various levels of engineering posts such as Junior Engineers, Graduate Apprentices / Graduate Engineering Trainees (GET), Senior Engineers, Executive Trainees, Managers and so on.
Top government public sector companies have played a very crucial role in the growth of the economy and the industrialization of the country since independence. The main areas that were focused on were iron & steel industries, power generation, mining and oil refining activities, electronics companies. Engineers in the government sector can work for various organizations as distinctive as the Railways, Ministry of Defence, local government or the Environment Agency etc. A lot of Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) under the shield of Government of India that regularly provide for employment opportunities are Air India Limited, Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL), Bharat Heavy Electrical Limited (BHEL), Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL), Engineers India Limited (EIL), Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL), Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), Indian Oil Corporation Limited(IOCL), Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL), Oil India Limited (OIL), Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC), Steel Authority of India (SAIL), Food corporation of India (FCI), Indian space research organization (ISRO) etc. Lately, a lot of public sector banks are also recruiting engineers to Reserve Bank of India (RBI), State Bank of India (SBI), Union Bank of India, UCO Bank and many other nationalised banks.
Other areas where engineers are in great demand are the Defense forces that include India Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force. These three sectors provide ample opportunities of growth. One can either join the Indian army to qualify for the rank of an officer or opt for other ranks. Combined Defence Service exam (CDSE) is conducted by UPSC twice every year for recruitment to office cadre of the Indian Army, Navy and Air force. Another major exam for engineers is Indian Engineering Services (IES), a combined competitive examination conducted by the Union Public Services Commission (UPSC) for recruitment to the Indian Engineering Services. Till date UPSC remains the top notch for people who are interested in careers in the government sector that comes with a full package of perks like long term security, prestige, power, limited working hours etc. Candidates who have passed Bachelor's Degree in Engineering or Technology or are students in the final year engineering, can apply for Government Jobs by first applying and attending Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) Examination, If they get a good score in GATE exam, they are eligible to apply for Public Sector companies (PSU) Jobs and if shortlisted, they will be called for selection process like Written Test / Interview / Group Discussion etc. All it takes for them is to stay updated and be prepared to grab an opportunity in their trade.
There have also been incidents where people have given up their full-fledged job in government sector to work in private sector for reasons like higher Pay Package, dislike towards bureaucracy, commercial experience, and Flexibility to travel abroad. However, one can see that nowadays days people are opting for engineering jobs in the government sector because of improved handsome pay package and security more so after followed by the recession in the year 2008. There are excellent job opportunities for engineers both in public and private sectors, both in India and abroad and it is for the individual to decide on their priorities and take up the opportunity that suits them the best.