As a highly dynamic and versatile sector, microelectronics is a hotbed for innovation. Recent studies and numerous reports now suggest that the growth in electronics, and thus in microelectronics is being driven by wearables, next-generation data storage solutions, wireless charging and micro-LED.
Apart from that these are some of the other areas that have been in trend and demand in the field of microelectronic engineering:
- Solid-state electronics: An inevitable component of electronics engineering, solid-state electronics has branched out into the spectrum of microelectronics too. Technologies finding applications in a diverse array of fields such as medicine, transportation, defence and communication to name a few, require continuous evolution in terms of micro-electronic innovation. From the first solid-state device called the ‘cat’s whisker’ from back in 1906, we’ve come a long way.
- Optoelectronics & Photonics: An extremely interesting and innovative technology that is gripping the field of microelectronics today is its applications in photonics and optoelectronics. Photons are now able to process information in a manner similar to electrons on a computer, running infinitely faster than a traditional laptop. This speed however is not all good and this is where the study of microelectronics comes in- the converter is a 10 cm long and 1 micrometre thick microchip which converts light to sound using stimulated scattering.
- Bioelectronics & Bio-nanotechnology: An intersection of the disciplines of nanotechnology, microelectronics and biology, this field focuses on the design and development of bio-molecular electronics by means of implementing newer information processing systems, sensors and actuators, sometimes ranging down to the atomic scale. It has found several applications in ameliorating the lives of those with disability and disease.