The demand for electrical engineers in India is on the rise. In recent years, as the requirement for optimal usage of electricity is at the forefront of conservation of energy, there are numerous opportunities for electrical engineers. In India itself, there are many public and private sector power companies looking for engineers who have a deep understanding of electricity and its functions.
There are atomic power plants, hydel or thermal power plants as well as sectors like the railways, civil aviation, electricity board and utility companies, electrical design and consultancy firms and all types of manufacturing industries that are looking for qualified electrical engineers.
There are different areas from which electrical engineering graduates can opt for based on their aptitude and interest. Maintenance sector is forever looking for qualified engineering graduates. At present, solar, oil & gas sector are at the top with the most-paying and most-research oriented jobs with them. After that, there is power distribution and electrical designing (transformer designing, machine designing, distribution designing, MEP designing).
The candidates need to select the discipline they are accustomed to and then get skilled in it, apart from regular refreshers to keep abreast of any new breakthrough in the field.
These are a few designations, fresh graduates can look at:
Electrical design engineers develop new electrical systems for various applications. They use layout diagrams, terminal plans, and electrical schematics for testing, developing and debugging designs. Entry-level electrical design engineers use software programs to design new electrical systems. They develop and test prototypes to determine technical feasibility, troubleshoot potential issues, make changes to fix any issues and create specifications and other details for these systems. They test the electronic systems to evaluate functionality and performance. They also research latest technologies and accordingly determine design parameters.
Senior Electronics Design Engineers use their expertise to assist in the production of electrical systems. By documenting specifications, schematics and diagrams, they help prevent problems and address issues that might arise in the manufacturing process.
Electrical engineering technologists are responsible for conductingor supervising installation, commission, and operation of electrical equipment (that are NOT aircraft electronics or instruments). They then diagnose, test and analyze the performance of electrical assemblies and systems. Entry-level electrical engineering technologists put together electrical and electronic systems and prototypes and perform primary functions such as assisting in the layout design process; ordering the necessary parts and equipment for the project and then either performing the installation themselves or assisting in the installation process. Senior electrical engineering technologists inspect design plans for quality control, evaluate electrical systems and its components or actively test electronic equipment and provide recommendations or repairs. They visit construction sites to observe conditions affecting design; identify solutions to technical design problems that arise during the construction of electrical systems; keep detailed documentation on all the systems and equipment they work on; etc.
Marine Electrical Engineers install and take care of electrical equipment and systems onboard ships. Entry-level Marine Electrical Engineers are responsible for the ship’s navigational lights and equipment. They also maintain refrigeration unit in the engine room; examine electrical wiring, equipment, or fixtures, using testing devices such as ohmmeters, voltmeters, or oscilloscopes. Apart from this, they work on installation of ground leads and connect power cables to equipment; diagnose faulty systems or parts, using equipment and hand tools to find the reason for a breakdown, also function as the technicians for these equipment. Senior Marine Electrical Engineers advise scientific crew on most suitable use of electrical power. They develop technical manuals, troubleshooting procedures, operating procedures, maintainability improvements, and test reports. They also perform task of validations/verifications of various electronic and electrical systems; help determine electrical requirements; and supervise adapting and connecting of scientific equipment to shipboard power.
Electrical and electronics drafter: Electrical and electronic drafters are responsible for drawing wiring diagrams, circuit board assembly diagrams, schematics, and layout drawings used in the manufacture, installation, and repair of electronic devices and components. Entry-level electrical and electronics drafters create diagrams and drawings for various electronic components and devices. They use Computer Aided Design and Drafting (CADD) systems to prepare drawings; draw in minute details of structures; plot electrical test points; specify dimensions, materials, and procedures; etc. They also examine electronic schematics and supporting documents to develop, compute, and verify specifications for drafting data, such as the configuration of parts, dimensions, and tolerances.
Senior electrical and electronics drafters determine the design elements—the numbers and kinds of fasteners needed to assemble the machine. They also prepare variations of designs; supervise and coordinate work activities of workers engaged in drafting, designing layouts, assembling, and testing printed circuit boards; compare logic element configuration on display screen with engineering schematics and calculate figures to convert, redesign, and modify elements involved in the design; consult with engineers to discuss and interpret design concepts and determine requirements of detailed working drawings; etc.
Electrical Power line installers and repairers install, maintain, and repair power lines that move electricity. At junior level, their job responsibility includes finding defective equipment—devices such as switches, voltage regulators, and transformers—that might interrupt power supply. They also string power lines between poles, towers, and buildings. They also test conductors according to electrical diagrams and specifications, to identify corresponding conductors and to prevent incorrect connections. They also operate power equipment when installing and repairing poles, towers, and lines.
It is the duty of Senior Electrical Power line Installers and Repairers to inspect operation, maintenance and repair of overhead and underground electrical distribution systems. They lead a team of linemen and technical helpers. They adhere to safety practices and procedures, such as checking equipment regularly and erecting barriers around work areas.