Civil Engineering is a professional discipline that deals with planning, designing, building, supervising, operating, constructing and maintaining infrastructure projects and systems in the public and private sector, including roads, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, railways, structural components of buildings and systems for water supply and sewage treatment. Civil engineers create, enhance and protect the environment we live in. From developing better water supplies and waste water treatment plants resulting in a healthy quality of life, to rapid and dramatic changes in transportation systems, they have developed the basic infrastructure on which modern society depends.
Ideally, students opting to study civil engineering should be intrigued by the design and working of cities. Aspirants should have an interest in mathematics and physics, along with an aptitude for critical and strategic thinking. The ability to design and conduct experiments, and to analyse and interpret data is also important. Being able to communicate effectively is another vital trait.
Higher education after Civil Engineering
Students can do an M.E. (Master of Engineering) or an M.Tech (Master of Technology) degree that are offered in the following specializations following Civil Engineering:
- Environmental Engineering
- Geotechnical Engineering
- Structural Engineering
- Transportation Engineering
- Hydraulics and Water Resources Engineering
- Coastal Engineering
- Urban Engineering
- Building Technology and Construction Management
Students can also go for further academic studies by doing an M.Phil (Master of Philosophy) and or a Ph.D (Doctor of Philosophy)
Top Leaders in the field
• Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya: M. Visvesvaraya was the chief engineer responsible for the construction of the Krishna Raja Sagara dam in the North-West suburb of Mysuru city and chief engineer of the flood protection system for the city of Hyderabad. The Engineering Community across India celebrates Engineers Day on 15 September every year on his birth anniversary.
• E. Sreedharan: Popularly known as the “Metro Man”, Elattuvalapil Sreedharan is credited for changing the face of public transport in India with his leadership in building the Konkan Railway and the Delhi Metro.
• Kanwar Sen: Considered as a doyen of irrigation engineering of his time, Kanwar Sen was the chief engineer responsible for the Rajasthan Canal and Ganga Canal project. He has also been associated with the preparation of a master plan for the development of the Narmada River.
• Chewang Norphel: Known by the nickname “Ice Man of India”, Chewang Norphel is an Indian civil engineer who built more than 15 artificial glaciers in Ladakh, in order to efficiently use the water gathered from melting ice in the Himalayas.
• Rachpal Singh Gill: Rachpal Gill was an Indian civil engineer who rendered services for the completion of three major hydro-electric of Punjab— Bhakra Dam, Beas Dam, and Ranjit Sagar Dam — was also the Chairman of the Board of Consultants and Construction, Planning and Equipment Committee of Ranjit Sagar Dam.